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The frontiers of his empire extended on the one hand from Punjab to Malwa and on the other from Bengal to Sind. Share 0. 1. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Sher Shah Suri was one of the Greatest Rulers of Medieval India. This victory ended the rule of the Mughal dynasty for 15 years. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short-lived Pashtun Suri, or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.. Farid Khan was a talented, bold and dynamic soldier who rebelled against the Mughal Empire and overthrew the government of the Emperor Humayun in 1540, and ruled instead until his death in 1545. In the sensitive provinces like Lahore, Multan and Malwa, military governors looked after the administration. According to Crooke, “He was the first Musalman ruler who studied the good of the people.” Sher Shah believed, “Tyranny is unlawful in everyone, especially in a sovereign who is the guardian of his public.”. However, the introduction should explain in short about the Ryotwari System initially introduced by Sher Shah Suri. This brought him the fort of Chunar and enormous wealth. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. It was the responsibility of the village Panchayat or the local people to produce the culprit or to pay for the stolen goods. The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. Military achievements of Sher Shah may be categorized under three heads namely: (iii) Conquests after becoming emperor of Delhi. Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. Humayun's first campaign was to confront Sher Shah Suri. We observe that Akbar, during his long period of rule, followed the policies of Sher Shah Suri with success. He introduced several reforms and reorganized the civil and administrative structures. Join now. After the battle of Chausa he declared himself independent Sultan of Bengal and Bihar. (ii) Sher Shah’s false pretence of withdrawing but sudden attack at Humayun in the battle of Kannauj. On the other hand, the province of Bengal was administered by a civilian. Making the best use of Humayun’s weaknesses. Sher Shah was the only Muslim Sultan of Bengal to establish an empire in northern India. Factors Responsible for Sher Shah’s Military Achievements: Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. He dealt very sternly with the zamindars who refused to pay land revenue and disobey the orders of the government. Meanwhile the ruler of Chunar died and Sher Shah married his widow. Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. In his studies, he so distinguished himself that the subedar of Jaunpur was greatly impressed. Ajmer, Jobhpur, Chittor and Mount Abu were fortified and held by Afghan troops. The Early Carrier & Military Achievements of Sher Shah Suri, Successors of Sher Shah | Mughul Dynasty | India, Administration of India under Sher Shah | Mughal Dynasty | India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. Indian History, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. sachinslg8899 sachinslg8899 28.01.2019 History Secondary School Explain the main achievement of sher Shah suri 1 See answer sachinslg8899 is waiting for your help. 1486-z14I) was the last Delhi Sultan to offer serious resistance to the southward advance of the Mughals. To belittle Sher Shah or his achievements, and to use emotional language and loaded phrases simply identifies the bias of the author(s). (a) Strength: He abolished the old and mixed metal currency. These sarais also served as dak Chaukis. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. Dr. Ashirwadi Lal compares him with Alauddin Khilji who was superior to Sher Shah Suri in administration and military achievements but lacked in constructive policies. Analyse the achievements and failures of Mughal emperors. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. He believed in the maxim “Everything is fair in love and war”. The Sultan was the highest judicial authority in the state. He issued fine coins of gold, silver and copper of uniform standard. The land of each cultivator was measured according to a uniform standard and its quality was ascertained. He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.”. 7. Examine the main achievements of sher shah suri. [citation needed] Humayun had two major rivals for his lands: Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat to the southwest and Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) settled along the river Ganges in Bihar to the east. It has been stated by several historians that during the reign of Sher Shah, an old woman might place a basket of golden ornaments on her head and go on a journey without any fear. 2. Sher shah was impressed by the Rajput valour, Sher Shah won a victory though at great cost with the loss several thousand Afghan; on the battle field and coming near to loosing his empire. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. 6. The saraits were also used as Dak Chaukis. Sher Shah used to say and act upon it, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites.” No one could escape punishment on account of high status. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. In fact he knew how to win. Sher Shah’s efficient administrative system largely depended upon his well-organised espionage system. Discuss and appreciate the administration, foreign policy, relation with regional kings and Din-e- illahi of Akbar. Sher Shah Reduced to submission the whole region from Ajmer to Abu. But also by his shrewd capacity for organizing, unique forethought and intimate knowledge of administration, made necessary arrangements for smooth and efficient administration and controlling the coveted empire. However Sher Shah did not honour this agreement. Sher Shah plundered Bengal several times and by capturing Gaur, the capital of Bengal, forced Mohammad Shah to seek refugee with Humayun. These two officers were helped by a number of junior officers and other subordinates in carrying out their duties. Salient Features of Sher Shah’s General Administration: Sher Shah, by the dint of his military skill, daring acts, great courage and resourcefulness not only established a mighty empire. The offenders were punished by fines, flogging, imprisonment and even cutting of the limbs. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. 4. Add your answer and earn points. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. The criminal law was severe. Ask your question. Sher Shah’s greatest achievement was his revenue system. From Humble Beginnings to the Position of Ruler of Delhi: Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Suri dynasty. The rupia introduced by Sher Shah was made of silver. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. Crooke is quite right when he remarks, “That he introduced such extensive reforms in his short reign of five years is a wonderful proof of his executive ability.”, Indian History, Medieval Period, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. There were two chief officers in every district. In case the local officers of the village failed to trace the murderer, the headman was given the penalty of death. Sher Shah held his court every Wednesday in the evening. He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. Earlier there was no fixed ratio among so many coins of various metal alloys. 1. (ii) Taxes on the transportation of raw and finished products, (iv) Confiscation of the unclaimed property. Articles like this, that smell of Hindu ultra-nationalist revisionism, need to be corrected, with neutral sources clearly stated. Besides the standing army under the direct command of the Sultan, provincial governors, nobles and subordinate rulers were also allowed to maintain their separate armies. Some provinces were very large and others small. There were subordinate Qazis in every district and in all important cities. There was no uniformity with regard to their income, size and administration. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. In view of the special significance of these sarais, they were called as veritable arteries of the empire.”, (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar. The revenue administration of Sher Shah has been regarded as one of the best during the medieval period. But the intrigues of his enemies compelled his to leave Bihar and join the camp of Babur in 1527. With a view to checking fraudulent practices in army in inflating the figures of soldiers and horses, Sher Shah adopted the practices of maintaining the description (huliya) of the soldiers and that of branding (dag) of the horses. He went to Jaunpur for studies. Sher Shah’s conquests after becoming the emperor of Delhi: Sher Shah immediately, after his accession to the throne conquered Punjab from Kamran, brother of Humayun. Sher Shah successfully defeated the Mughals at Chausa in 1539 and over 8,000 Mughal troops were killed in the bloody battle. He tried to levy the land revenue in accordance with the income of the peasants. sher shah suri occupied bengal,delhi,aagra bahar,sasaram and many others he made sher shah suri road now called as G.T. Sher Shah launched a fierce attack. 3. Sher Shah implemented various reforms and policies for public welfare which seemed to be more practical. The successes which he attained against the Mughals and the Rajputs indicate towards his ability and capability. The coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri continued to be used by the Mughals, the British and even independent Pakistan Sher Shah had a turbulent childhood. He rendered valuable help to Babur in the campaign against the Afghans in Bihar. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. In the words of Dr. Ishwari Prasad, “Sher Shah behaved with him very cruely.”. While engaged in suppressing the revolt, Humayun laid siege to Chunar and compelled Sher Shah Suri to submit. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History. Further, mention about the main features of Ryotwari Settlement. He maintained peace and order in the district, helped in the collection of revenue and other taxes and also supervised the work of his subordinate officers called Shiqdars. Babur’s son Humayun (birth name Nasir al-Din Muhammad; reigned 1530–40 and 1555–56) lost control of the empire after a rebellion led by the Afghan soldier of fortune Sher Shah of Sur expelled him from India. Privacy Policy3. Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the centre like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. (ii) Battle of Chausa with Humayun and Sher Shah’s victory. His army included 1, 50,000 cavalry, 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants and a part of artillery. 5. Sher Shah Suri continued his attacks on the Mughals and drove Humayun to the west. Content Guidelines 2. Land for the purpose of revenue was divided into three categories on the basis of production—good, average and bad. He helped him to become the administrator of his father’s jagir which prospered by his efforts. Each Sarkar was divided into small units called the parganas and each Pargana was further subdivided into a number of villages. The same coin-rupee ratio served the basis of the currency during the Mughal and British periods. This is supposed to be a neutral POV encyclopedia. Dr. Qanungo has described the importance of this victory in these words, “If Sher Shah had not been victorious at Surajgarh, he would have never figured in the political sphere of India and would not have got an opportunity to compete with Humayun… for the founding of an empire.”. Each sarai had separate rooms for the Hindus and the Muslims. Some of the salient features of his administration are given below: Dr. Ishwar Prasad has rightly observed, “The Government of Sher Shah, though autocratic was enlightened and vigorous.” Sher Shah himself used to say, “It behoves the great to be always active.” And he himself adhered to this maxim. (viii) Conquest of Kalinjar (1545) and death of Sher Shah. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. With the victory at Kannauj, Sher Shah became the ruler of Delhi. TOS4. The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. (i) Encounter on the fort of Chunar and Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender. Endowments and grants were given to educational institutions. The Sultan had ordered that while fixing the land revenue, the peasants should be treated with generosity but once settled they were asked to pay their revenue regularly. Discuss the impact of Sher Shah Suri on the Mughal Empire. He repaired old roads. Historians have differed on the issue of Sher Shah’s provincial administration. All the officials were appointed by Sher Shah Suri himself & they were directly accountable to him. Sher Shah introduced the system of transferring officers of the Sarkars and the Paragans every two or three years so that they may not develop vested interest, the root cause of corruption. The death of Babur was followed by a general revolt in Eastern India headed by the Afghan chieftains. A village was the smallest self-sufficient unit, administered by village panchayats. Sher Shah built the following buildings: (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar (ii) Fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelum in the north-west. In the words of Qanungo, “The land revenue administration of Sher Shah was a valuable heritage for the Mughals. Sher Shah brought Marwar under his control by forged letters and sowing dissensions in the army of Maldev, the ruler of Mewar. In due course, Babur became suspicious of Sher Khan who soon slipped away. Dacoits and robbers were dealt with very sternly. Like the Sarkars, there were two chief officers called a Shiqdar (military officer) and Munsif (civilian judge) who were assisted by other staff in the discharge-of their duties. As his former master Bahar Khan, the ruler of South Bihar had died, he was made the guardian and regent of the minor son of the deceased. Once again Sher Shah established the Afghan Empire which had been taken over by Babur. (v) Tributes from the rajas, nawabs jagirdars, etc. Sher Shah was a great organizer and an efficient commander. Madrasas were set up for higher education. The ministers looked after their respective departments. Sher Shah’s greatest achievement was the construction of new roads/issuing of coins/his revenue system. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. Service in Babur’s army: Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Achievements of Sher Shah during Medieval India. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Share with your friends. Spies were kept at all important places and at all importantt offices. Generally land revenue was one-third of the produce, but could be paid both in cash and kind. Sher Shah Suri became one of the legends in shaping the structure of the sub-continent.He has left many a mark of his architecture in both India and Pakistan. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? Factors Responsible for Sher Shah’s Military Achievements: 1. Land revenue was remitted on poor crops. Log in. Following are some of the main instances of Sher Shah’s military strategy: (i) Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender to Humayun at Chunar fort. The other officer was called the chief Munsif or Munsif- i-Muinsfan. Pashtun rule Suri dynasty Sher Shah Suri established the Sur dynasty in Bengal. The one chief Shiqdar or Shiqdar-i- Shiqdaran was a military officer. 5. sher shah suri make humayun run from his own territory. Next to him was the chief Qazi who was the head of the department of justice. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. Trade tax was collected only at two places. This is an account of Sher Shah Suri--a man of surpassing personal excellence, a great and exemplary ruler, and the greatest leader ever produced by the Afghans. Their appointment and dismissal was at his discretion. Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India. (vi) Going back from his promise with Rajput ruler Purnamal Chauhan and sudden attack by Sher Shah on him. Published: May 28, 2011. The local people or the head (Mukhiya) of the village was responsible for the safety of the people of the area and the travellers. The Administration of Sher Shah Suri may be considered as a continuation and culmination of the Delhi Sultanate. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. Agra, Sambhal and Gwalior etc., also came under his sway. Sher Shah Suri defeated Maldeo in the famous Battle of Samel around Ajmer (1544) His last campaign was against Kalinjar (Bundelkhand) (iii) Sowing dissentions in Maldev’s army by forged letters. Son of a petty jagirdar, neglected by his father and ill treated by his step-mother, he very successfully challenged the authority of Mughal emperor Humayun, drove him out of India and occupied the throne of Delhi. (iv) Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. Provision was also made for scholarships on the basis of merit. Civil Administration. Sher Shah attacked Raisin – a Rajput principality and besiegect it. Sher Shah constructed the following four highways: (i) Sadak-e-Azam (Grand Trunk Road) starting from Sonargaon in Eastern Bengal passing through Agra, Delhi and Lahore and ter­minating at Peshawar, covering a distance of about 3,000 km; (ii) From Agra to Jodhpur and the Chittor fort; Law and order in the kingdom, protection of traders on roads, issue of new currency and the simplication of taxes helped in the promotion of trade and commerce. Sher Shah suppressed the turbu­lent Khokhars of the northern region of river Indus and Jhelum. (iii) Batttle of Kannauj and Sher Shah’s decisive victory over Humayun. Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Sher Shah conquered and annexed these provinces into his empire. The king kept himself posted with the minutest happening in his kingdom. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. No thief or robber would come near her for fear of punishment. Sher Shah constructed a network of roads connecting important parts of his empire within his capital. Military organization: This method helped to wipe off thefts, robberies and murders. (v) and (vi) conquest of Multan and Sind (1543). image source: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/Sher_Shah_Suri_by_Breshna.jpg. Wakil and Wazir: Second in the hierarchy of power, the institution of Wizarat or Wikalat( since both were used interchangeably) was functional in some form during the Delhi Sultanate Period also. BA LLB I year, I semester Indian history sample question answer on Administration of Sher Shah Suri A detailed Summary:In this post you will read aboutADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH ,revenue administration of sher shah,explain the characteristics of sher shah administration,sher shah suri administration upsc,sher shah suri reforms pdf,sher shah suri administration history … Log in. Each sarai had a well and a mosque. Sher Shah Suri for this reason is said to be the fore-runner of Akbar. The ratio of exchange between the Dam and rupee was fixed at 64 to 1. In I $ 8, he was able to remove Humayun from the throne andforced him during this interregnum to take refuge in Persia; Sher's death in battle cleared the way for Humayin's successful return. All other internal trade taxes were abolished. He won but lost his life when he was grievously injured by the blast. Administration of Sher Shah Suri … He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. He knew fully well as where to make a tactical retreat, when to strike at the enemy, how to sow dissensions in the army camp, how to make friendship with the enemy of the enemy, how to pretend to retreat. 3. The ruler of Malwa had not helped Sher Shah in his struggle with Humayun. Two horses were kept at every sarai so that the news-carriers could get fresh horses at short intervals to maintain speed. Slowly he started grabbing all the powers of the kingdom. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? 4. He is also credited to have introduced the tri-metal coinage system which later came to characterize the Mughal coinage system. Of Sher Sha Suri 1 See answer sachinslg8899 is waiting for your help suspicious of Shah! Of production—good, average and bad Shah defeated the combined forces of the peasants to become the administrator his. Frontiers of his subordinate judicial officers in the campaign against the Mughals land administration. 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Join the camp of Babur in the district fixed at 64 to 1 no fixed ratio so... Posts in explain the main achievement of sher shah suri East India Company the same was introduced Thomas Munroe and Reed! To produce the culprit or to pay for the Mughals to Sind Shah brought Marwar under his,! Demonstrates his extra-ordinary qualities of his empire Punjab to Malwa and annexed these provinces into empire. Is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about.! To Abu, History Discussion - discuss anything about History the purpose of was! Headed by the blast he declared himself independent Sultan of Bengal cutting of Mughals.

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